Homes are not created equal. If they were, I'd be living in bigger house than I am today; a 1,900 sq ft. home based on the Canadian Home Builder's Association's 2012 Report on Average Home Size in Canada. With all that space, I'd use more different kinds of light bulbs and fixtures around my home. I'd have more flood and spot lights and of course more traditionally shaped lights. Maybe I'd even have a chandelier and have two handfuls of chandelier light bulbs. That's me trying to dream about what my home would look like if I had extra rooms in my home. Some really nice to have features in my home would be a home theatre with movie-style seating with cup holders and even recline, have a home-office and just a nice sized family den area to relax and enjoy company. But, not all homes are created equal and thus the lights you'll need for your home will be pretty different. Here's a list of common LED lights bulbs for home use:
Common Household LED Light Bulbs, the A19The A19 shaped bulb or what we also call the, "traditional" shaped lights are the most common; in fact, their also known as, "common household bulbs". These are used in your lamp shades, ceiling light fixtures, garage, outdoor lights that could be fitted with a motion sensor, etc. A19 LED light bulbs have a E26 base, which means it is a screw-in base with a diameter of 26 millimetres, and they have a diameter of 2.4" and a total length (MOL or "maximum overall length") of 4.3".
Chandelier LED Light Bulbs, the Candelabra or B10 & B11To keep things simple, let's just say if you need a narrow light bulb that resembles a light bulb you need to replace in your chandelier or in a nicely designed lamp, the Candelabra LED light bulb is the way to go. There are several different styles of course, but the most common ones are the B10 & B11. These LED bulbs are available in both E26 base and E12 base. The LED bulb in the picture is a B11 LED with an E12 base.
The Common 3" Pot Lights LED Replacement, the PAR20A 3" recessed pot light fixture can hold a traditional incandescent bulb, a CFL (Compact fluorescent) or a PAR20 halogen bulb. While any of these three bulbs will work in this pot light, the best bulb to use in these fixtures are the PAR20 halogen bulbs for a couple of reasons: 1. They direct light in a single direction; not up and down like an incandescent or a CFL which throws light back into the fixture and therefore not allowing you to take advantage of all the light you're paying for in the 40 watt - 60 watt bulb. 2. CFL lamps, which also have a low wattage similar to LED bulbs, do not work well when used upside down and will actually not work as long as expected. The reason for this is because gas builds up to the base of the CFL and overtime the gas will combust and blow the ballast in the CFL. PAR20 LED light bulbs don't quite resemble it's halogen counterpart because of its more smooth line girth. But, they are the right bulb despite its looks. Some drawbacks of the LED designed PAR20 is that some people have a harder time installing them in the fixture because the rings inside the fixture sometimes are too narrow for the PAR20's girth. Not to worry, in most cases you can just bend the ring outward by flexing it a little before you install the PAR20 LED bulb. PAR20 light bulbs have a diameter of 2.5", are 3.5" long (MOL) and have an E26 base.
Flood Lights PAR38 & PAR38Many people have PAR30 and PAR38 bulbs installed in recessed pot fixtures and or in track lighting. They're a great choice for people that want more light than a standard 60 watt incandescent bulb because much brighter; 95 watt - 120 watts. A PAR30 LED light bulb has a diameter of 3.8" and fits perfectly in a 4" recessed pot light fixture. A PAR38 LED light bulb has a diameter of 4.8" and fits recessed "cans" no less than 5". Both have an E26 base and are typically installed point down if in a recessed pot fixture or in different angles if installed on track lighting.
Kitchen Track Lights, MR16 & GU10The most common track lighting our customers have in their kitchen are MR16 and GU10 lights. MR16 and GU10 are very similar light bulbs. In fact, both lights are actually MR16s, but their bases are different. The MR16 has a GU5.3 base and a GU10 or MR16 has a GU10 base. Overtime, the MR16 with the GU10 base was simply referred as GU10 to differentiate itself from the MR16 with the GU5.3 base. Despite the shape similarity, they operate differently. MR16 lights are a lower voltage lighting system. This 12 volt light bulb uses an external transformer that steps down the voltage from 120 to 12. The GU10 uses a 120 volt system as well but rather than using an external transformer, the GU10 has a the transformer built into each bulb which is the reason why a GU10 has a bigger base. MR16 LED bulbs have a GU5.3 base which are like two pins with needle ends and are 5.3mm apart. GU10 LED bulbs have a GU10 base which are like small dumbbell ends that are 10mm apart.
Understand LED Wattage Equivalents Compared with Incandescent Light BulbsA common incandescent household bulb uses 40 watts, 60 watts, 75 watts and even as high as 100 watts. Their LED counterpart use much less energy;
- 35 watt incandescent bulb products 300 - 400 lumens = 6 - 7 watt LED bulb
- 40 - 50 watt incandescent bulb produces 500 - 600 lumens = 7 - 8 watt LED bulb
- 60 watt incandescent bulb produces 800 - 900 lumens = 10 - 12 watt LED bulb
- 75 watt incandescent bulb produces 900 - 1000 lumens = 13 - 15 watt LED bulb
- 100 watt incandescent bulb produces - 1100 - 1200 lumens = 18 - 20 watt LED bulb